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Professional & Specialists (includes volunteers)

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Module 3 of 4
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Module 3: Caregivers of people living with Dementia

Module 3 Professionals Introduction


Developed in the UK by University College London (UCL), CST is an evidence-based group or individual therapy for people with dementia. It was developed and evaluated at UCL within several research trials, demonstrating significant benefits to both cognition and quality of life. In 2006, it was recommended in the UK Department of Health guidelines as the only non-medical treatment for the cognitive symptoms of dementia. Since then, its use has escalated, with it now being offered in at least 66% of UK memory clinics and in over 24 countries across the globe.

UK Government NICE guidance (NHS Clinical Excellence) on the management of dementia recommend the use of group Cognitive Stimulation for people with mild to moderate dementia, irrespective of drug treatments received. Group CST treatment involves 14 or more sessions of themed activities, which typically run twice weekly.

Sessions aim to actively stimulate and engage people with dementia, whilst providing an optimal learning environment and the social benefits of a group.

NHS England and the Alzheimer Society both support the delivery of CST.

Learning outcomes

The learner will:

  1. Understand the different therapies that are available, including CST
  2. Gain an understanding of CST design and evaluation, understanding the evidence base
  3. Comprehend the reasoning of the key principles and sessions, considering practical delivery
  4. Display knowledge of how to plan and implement CST sessions for a group, initially and continuing
  5. Show good understanding how these principles and sessions can be adapted for use with an individual
  6. Ability to plan and deliver practical sessions, including the logistics


CST at Norwich Prison

CST Sessions Online