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Informal Carers (including family, friends)

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The objective is to provide useful information for the purpose of learning behavioural skills for the correct management of living with a person who has dementia.

Learning outcomes

After completing the topic, you will:

  • Acquire basic knowledge in order to carry out the care activities daily of the person requiring assistance.
  • Acquire the knowledge and skills related to personal hygiene and first rescue (first-aid).
  • Acquire the knowledge and skills useful to support the person living with dementia with different degrees of need.
  • Acquire the knowledge and skills necessary for the use of appliances and aids in use.


It is up to the caregiver to be aware of the importance of basic needs. The person with dementia cannot do it alone so the job of a good caregiver is to acquire psychological skills such as, for example, unconditional acceptance and empathy, warmth and closeness. To know who you are and your past experience and to take this into account

As human people we depend on mutual recognition, respect and trust. These needs do not go away because you have dementia, but it becomes more difficult to express and satisfy them. It is up to the caregiver to be aware of the importance of basic needs.

Person-centred care is a prerequisite for developing an adequate care culture.

2.5.1  Basic knowledge requirements

  • Personal hygiene and dressing practices based on the level of non-self-sufficiency. Elements of hygiene and prophylaxis, risk situations, contamination and infectious diseases.
  • Elements of first aid and guidelines to be followed in the most common critical situations. It is important to point out that the first aid officer does not have as his main task the medical or therapeutic treatment of the injured person, which, when possible, must always be delegated to specialized medical or nursing staff, but has the very important task of the first management accident.
  • Elementary principles of orthotics, aids and rehabilitation therapy.
  • Tools and techniques for the manipulation, mobilization, movement support and walking of non-self-sufficient people “. Main appliances and aids in use.


Key points:

  1. Understanding the changes that the dementia sufferer will go through should assist the caregiver in getting prepared
  2. The carer has to understand also when they need to apply for professional help; they cannot do everything